Home » Best Career Options After 12th Science [Guidance 2023]

Best Career Options After 12th Science [Guidance 2023]

by Dhrubajyoti Haloi
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Science students have a significant advantage over Arts and Commerce students in that they are eligible for nearly every science-related and non-science stream career option. Because of this, choosing a college course of study after passing the Science stream on the Class 12 Board exam is a significant turning point in determining one’s career path. As a result, it needs to be a well-informed decision based on an understanding of the course and career choice. For the following reasons, science has been one of the most popular subjects for students in the 11th and 12th grades:

  • t is the stream leading up to popular careers such as Engineering and Medicine
  • Science students can pursue further studies in Pure Sciences or Applied Sciences at Post Graduate levels
  • There are several professional careers that require Science at 10+2 level, for instance, career as a Commercial Pilot

In this article, we will take a look at some of the most popular course and career options you can opt for after Science in 10+2.

Top Courses After 12th Science with PCM, PCB & PCMB

What happens after 12? After passing their 12th exam, every young person has this common inquiry. The generation of today is a bit lost as to which career path to take. Where to begin their preparations and numerous related inquiries When you are concerned about their respective careers, there is a lot of confusion. Taking the right path based on your interests can make your career more productive and allow you to enjoy your work without having to deal with stress.

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So, don’t need to worry, we are here for you, to bust all your queries related to the science profession and will guide you through to find a suitable career for you. Here in this blog, you’ll get to know the science career option after completion of your 12th board. Before jumping into the career options of science students, firstly understand what the science stream is up to? Scroll down to know about the science career options. 

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What is Science Stream?

Students who hope to work in the medical or non-medical profession frequently choose the science stream. The scientific study of related fields like physics, chemistry, biology, computer science, and mathematics are all part of the science curriculum. You might be wondering why these subjects are included in science.

These subjects encompass the elements of scientific theories and practical concepts of the technical mind with an analytic approach. A student who has to opt science stream in their 12th board they are able to make one their career to the medical and non-medical field that includes medical science, engineering, or biochemistry, genetics, Pharmaceuticals, Forensic Science, or other interdisciplinary career options. 

What are the qualities a science student has?

As you are aware, there are numerous lucrative career options in this field, including data science, engineering, pharmacy, research, and IT. There are numerous career options for science students. Students who possess the following skills typically enroll in this science stream:

  • Having a technical shape of mind
  • Creative and innovative
  • Tries to do experiments
  • Interested to catch practical as well as theoretical knowledge
  • Highly interested in medical or non-medical fields

Now, let us see what are the career options available for science students in their respective science streams in detail of the plethora of the field.

Subjects included in Science Stream

To pursue science stream a student needs to study these subjects such as: 

  • Biology 
  • Chemistry 
  • Physics 
  • Mathematics 
  • English 

Now you must be familiar with the subjects you will study in the science field. Let us explore the career options available in the science stream.

Career Options After 12th PCB (Physics, Chemistry, Biology)

There are numerous career options in the medical field for students who have a strong interest in both biology and the medical/medical field. Students must take Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (PCB) in their 10+2 boards if they want to work in medicine. Students must pass the National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET) in order to pursue certain career paths. Following a 12th-grade science board, the following is a list of career opportunities in medical degree programs.

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Career Options in Medical Field with NEET Entrance Exam

  • MBBS- Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery: In India and abroad, the MBBS program is one of the most highly regarded and popular. After the completion of the 12th board, it is the preferred course among science students. After passing 10+2, students who wish to become doctors or surgeons can pursue this career.

Duration: 5.5 – 6 years
Fees: INR 6 lakhs – 60 lakhs
Entrance: UGC NEET

  • BHMS- Bachelor’s of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery: The treatment of the human body with natural substances like plants, herbs, and minerals is the subject of the study of homeopathic medicines. Students place this second to MBBS as their preferred career path. Students learn how to treat patients using natural remedies in this class.

Duration: 5.5 – 6 years
Fees: INR 4 lakhs- 10 lakhs
Entrance Exam: NEET, CET, BVP, CET, TS EAMCET, AP EAMCET, KEAM. 

  • BDS- Bachelor of Dental Sciences: This course can be taken in the science stream by students who are interested in studying prosthodontics or orthology. In order to become a dentist or dental surgeon, this course teaches the study of dental organs.

Duration: 4.5 – 5 years
Fees: INR 5 lakhs – 20 lakhs
Entrance: NEET 

  • B.Pharm- Bachelor’s of Pharmacy: Students who are keen on making their career in the pharmaceutical field or start to make their own pharmacies can pursue the course to study the chemicals, and medical salts.

Duration: 4.5 – 5 years
Fees: INR 5 lakhs – 15 lakhs
Entrance: NEET, TS EAMCET, BVP CET, AP EAMCET, IPU CET, WBJEE, MHT CET 

  • BMLT- Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology: This course teaches the student to work at the backend to make medicines or medical instruments in hospitals, medical centers, or laboratories.

Duration: 3 – 4 years
Fees: INR 50 thousand – 5 lakhs
Entrance: NEET, AIIMS, AFMC, PMT, KEAM, SAAT, GUJCET, OJEE Medical. 

Career Options in Medical Field without NEET Entrance Exam

  • BSc Nursing : This profession is to serve and take care of patients. The course offers students to know and assist under doctors in the departments of ICU, ER, CCU, OT, etc. You can become a nurse without clearing the NEET entrance.
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Duration: 4 years
Fees: INR 50 thousand – 2 lakhs

  • BSc Biotechnology: It’s a three-year undergraduate course that teaches molecular and applied biochemistry studies.

Duration: 3 years
Fees: INR 50 thousand – 2 lakhs 

  • B.Sc Food Technology: The course contains the study of food-related inception, nutrition, food analysis, food microbiology, and other related course studies of food.

Duration: 4 years
Fees: INR 50 thousand – 5 lakhs 

Career Options After 12th PCM (Physics, Chemistry, Maths)

After completing their 12th boards, science students also chose to work in the second most popular profession. If a student is enthusiastic about learning about buildings, bridges, electronics, software, petroleum, technology, and other subjects. After that, students should take specialized courses to earn a BTech or a Bachelor of Engineering. A subset of the engineering specializations that students can pursue to become engineers is provided here.

  • Civil Engineering: Civil Engineering is a professional degree course that teaches the study of planning, designing, construction, maintaining, or etc.

Duration: 4 years
Fees: INR 50,000- 10,00,000
Top colleges for Civil Engineering:

  1. IIT Bombay – Indian Institute of Technology
  2. MIT Manipal – Manipal Institute of Technology.
  3. COEP Pune – College of Engineering. 
  4. SRM University Chennai – SRM Institute of Science and Technology. 
  5. DSCE Bangalore – Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering.
  • Computer Science and Engineering: Computer science and engineering comprise the study of designs and prototyping of computing hardware to software. The subjects merge electrical engineering with computer science.

Duration: 4 years
Fees: INR 50,000- 10,00,000
Top colleges for Computer Science and Engineering:

  1. IISB- Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  2. Indian Statistical Institute- Kolkata 
  3. Indian Institute of Technology- Kharagpur (IIT- Kharagpur)
  4. Indian Institute of Technology- Delhi (IIT-Delhi)
  • Electrical/ Electronic Engineering: The course study of Electrical or Electronic Engineering focuses on the applications of electrical powers such as power generation, supply, communications, computer systems, robotics systems, etc.
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Duration: 4 years
Fees: INR 50,000- 10,00,000
Top colleges for Electronic/ Electrical Engineering:

  1. Vellore Institute of Technology, Tamil Nadu 
  2. Indian Institute of Technology- Delhi (IIT-Delhi)
  3. Indian Institute of Technology- Bangalore (IIT-Bangalore)
  4. Indian Institute of Technology- Roorkee (IIT- Roorkee)
  • Lateral Entry Program for Working Professionals: B.Tech lateral entry is a course where a science student who has done a diploma in Bsc or other science-related streams can directly take admission in the second year or third semester of the Engineering course. The selection procedure varies from college to college as per their admission entrance test conducted by the respective university/college.

Lateral Entry B.Tech Specialisations:

  • Automobile Engineering Lateral Entry 
  • Aeronautical Engineering Lateral Entry 
  • Civil Engineering Lateral Entry 
  • Biotechnology Lateral Entry 
  • Computer Science and Engineering Lateral Entry 
  • Electronics and Communication Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering Lateral Entry 

The College that offers Lateral Entry Course

Lingayas University

Courses  1. Computer Science & Engineering
2. Mechanical Engineering
3. Electronics & Communication Engineering
4. Civil Engineering
5. Mechanical Automobile Engineering 
Duration # 3 years
Degree # Diploma in Engineering/ Technology or B.Sc
Eligibility # Students must have passed with a minimum 50% of marks or equivalent in Polytechnic Diploma (Engg./Tech) 

OR
# Students should have passed with a minimum of 50% marks or equivalent degree in B.sc with mathematics as a compulsory subject

Other Engineering Specializations:

Chemical Engineering Biotechnology Engineering Power Engineering
Marine Engineering Electronics and Communication Engineering Construction Engineering
Automobile Engineering Petroleum Engineering Transportation Engineering
Aeronautical Engineering Textile Engineering Engineering Management

Honors Degree Courses in Science

The honors degree course is a three- to four-year undergraduate program in which students study a chosen science stream specialization. Students who want to continue their education after completing their undergraduate (Bachelor’s) degree program typically pursue a Bachelor of Science degree in the chosen science field.

A student will be an expert in a major field by the end of this course. The honors degree science specializations are listed below. A student must have studied physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, English, and information technology in order to enroll in these honors courses. The chosen area of science determines the subjects that are required.

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Duration : 4 years
Level: Undergraduate
Eligibility: 10+2
Type: Honors Degree

Honors Specializations in B.Sc (Bachelors of Science)

B.Sc Applied Science Honours B.Sc Computer Science B.Sc Anatomy B.Sc (Hons) Forestry B.Sc Airlines Tourism and Hotel Management
B.Sc Clinical Nutrition B.Sc Hospitality and Tourism Studies B.Sc Zoology B.Sc Aeronautical Science B.Sc Advanced Zoology Biotechnology
B.Sc Cardiac Technology B.Sc Environmental Science B.Sc Applied Science (Hons) Food Technology B.Sc Multimedia Animation Graphics B.Sc Sport Science Outdoor Activities
B.Sc Computer Application Information B.Sc Anthropology B.Sc Cardiovascular Technology B.Sc (Hons) Forestry B.Sc Aviation 

Forensic Sciences

Forensic science is a fun and rewarding field in which to pursue a career in science. By collecting and analyzing evidence, forensic science technicians aid in criminal investigations. The majority of laboratory forensic sciences technicians work irregular hours at the crime scene within their jurisdiction. There are courses that can lead to a diploma or a degree in a variety of areas of psychology, biology, and chemistry. A student can earn a diploma in forensic medicine, a bachelor’s degree in forensic science, a postgraduate diploma in victimology and victim assistance, a master’s degree in cyber forensics, and so on.

Courses  1. Computer Science & Engineering
2. Mechanical Engineering
3. Electronics & Communication Engineering
4. Civil Engineering
5. Mechanical Automobile Engineering 
Duration # 3 years
Degree # Diploma in Engineering/ Technology or B.Sc
Eligibility # Students must have passed with a minimum 50% of marks or equivalent in Polytechnic Diploma (Engg./Tech) 

OR
# Students should have passed with a minimum of 50% marks or equivalent degree in B.sc with mathematics as a compulsory subject

Other Engineering Specializations:

Chemical Engineering Biotechnology Engineering Power Engineering
Marine Engineering Electronics and Communication Engineering Construction Engineering
Automobile Engineering Petroleum Engineering Transportation Engineering
Aeronautical Engineering Textile Engineering Engineering Management

Architecture

After completing the science stream’s 12th boards, this is a field to pursue. An architect is someone who uses construction skills to design, build, architect, or plan out a structure. They are very involved in every part of building, from coming up with the idea to building it. Bachelor of Architecture (B Arch.) degrees are available to those interested in this field. program following the completion of their science stream 10+2 with PCM (Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics).

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It is totally a 5-year undergraduate program. This field also involves professional specializations in historic preservation, solar design, designing theory, or other related fields. After completing B. Arch, a student can continue the studies in the same field of Post graduation degree and apply to a Master of Architecture (M.Arch) program.

Data Scientist

This is a demanded profession within and across India in the field of Science. The data scientist job is especially a profile of the analytical experts who are keen to adapt, learn, and perform professionally in collecting, interpreting in the larger amount of analyzing the data. To become a data scientist a student must complete a degree in Bachelor of Science in Data Science. It is a 3-year undergraduate degree program. 

Eligibility: 10+2 with science from any recognized board
Course: BBA Data Science and Analytics
Course fee: INR 50 thousand – 2 lakhs 

College  Fees Degree  Approvals 
NMIMS  25000 / semester BBA  UGC, NAAC A+ 
Jain University  25000 / semester  BBA  UGC-DEB, NIRF, NAAC A+
UPES  30000 / semester  BBA UGC-DEB, NAAC A, NIRF

Apart from the above-mentioned streams, there are more other sectors that offer immense career prospects for the science fields. Here are a few options where science students can build their career professionally. 

B.Sc in Advanced Zoology and Biotechnology B.Sc in Zoology and Animal Biotechnology Psychology Food Technology
B.Sc in Zoology Food Technology Biochemistry  

Conclusion

Isn’t it all helpful? All the science-based careers are awful able and absorbing to body a career into a science stream. Science is a all-inclusive breadth to body several application possibilities and career routes afterwards 12th boards. Students can additionally go for college studies in science streams for Masters, Ph.D., or added accompanying able amount courses as per their science beck and interest. Hope this blog has austere all your doubts accompanying to what career you charge to chase afterwards the 12th lath in the science stream. 

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