Modern Indian History (1707-1947) Indian National Movement Later Mughals
The decline of the Mughal Empire and the rise of regional powers occurred during the Later Mughal period in Indian history, which lasted from 1707 to 1857. During this time, there were a number of weak Mughal rulers who were unable to control their empire. As a result, there were several independent states and European colonialism began in India.
India was ruled by a number of Mughal emperors during this time, including Shah Alam II, Muhammad Shah, and Ahmad Shah Bahadur. The Mughal army’s demise, the rise of powerful regional rulers, and the collapse of the imperial administrative system were just a few of the many internal issues that plagued the Mughal Empire.
As a response to India’s British colonial rule, the Indian National Movement emerged in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In the Indian struggle for independence, leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Subhash Chandra Bose were crucial.
Since its inception in 1885, the Indian National Congress has served as the Indian National Movement’s governing body. The Non-Cooperation Movement, the Civil Disobedience Movement, and the Quit India Movement were all phases of the movement.
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After a long and difficult struggle against British colonial rule, the Indian National Movement was successful in securing India’s independence in 1947. The Salt Satyagraha, the Dandi March, and the Quit India Movement were among the movement’s most significant events.
The Indian National Movement and the Later Mughal Era were two distinct but intertwined periods in Indian history that had a significant impact on the political and social landscape of the nation.